Govt to budget for constitutional reform talks next year

first_imgGeneral Secretary of the Alliance For Change (AFC), David Patterson, said on Friday that Government has not put the much anticipated constitutional reforms on the back burner.In fact, he disclosed that efforts have been taken by Prime Minister Moses Nagamootoo to take the process forward but unfortunately, Cabinet could not have discussed the matter at its last meeting before the PM’s departure for his India tour.“The Prime Minister, before his departure, had tabled a route forward to Cabinet but it has not been discussed because he is out. The route forward includes public consultations and funding to be included in the 2017 budget to kick start the constitutional reform process,” Patterson disclosed. According to the AFC General Secretary, the document tabled to Cabinet is a comprehensive paper, which addresses the parliamentary process, public consultation process and provides a timeline for the reforms to be executed.“So (the reforms) are imminent but I don’t want to be the one to divulge all the details. I think that it’s something within the Prime Minister’s domain and when he gets back, I’m sure he will make the public disclosure,” Patterson posited.In August last year, Government had established a Constitutional Reform Steering Committee, which completed and handed over its report to Prime Minister Nagamootoo back in April.Constitutional reform was a hot topic during the 2015 General and Regional Elections campaign, with the A Partnership for National Unity (APNU)/AFC coalition promising to undertake the task.“The Constitution, in its current form, does not serve the best interest of Guyana or its people. Within three months of taking up office, APNU/AFC will appoint a commission to amend the Constitution with the full participation of the people. The new Constitution will put the necessary checks and balances in place to consolidate our ethos of liberal democracy. Freedom of speech, reduction of the power of the President and the Bill of Rights will be enshrined in the document,” read an excerpt from the coalition’s 2015 manifesto.As part of the reform process, Government had touted major changes to the governance structure, including separate elections to elect a President and National Assembly members; the capping of presidential powers; and changes to the composition of service commissions, among others.Moreover, the David Granger-led Administration had promised that it would have consultations with civil society and the Opposition People’s Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) before making any constitutional reforms.However, the AFC General Secretary posited on Friday that the decision will be left to the Opposition whether it wants to listen to the people of Guyana and support the coalition in this process.“From the AFC’s point of view, we want to convince the people, we want to hear from the people and if the PPP/C wants to ignore what the people have to say, they can do so at their own peril. It is no secret they have no appetite, never showed any appetite for constitutional reform but obviously they never showed any appetite for defeat either, and things have changed. Either they get up and join the bus for progress or they can stay behind shouting and crying wolf.But we as a party want to engage the people because they are the stakeholders. A small group of politicians should not hold back the entire country’s desire to have constitutional reform and change. So that is how we are approaching it,” Patterson remarked.He continued that the AFC wants to get feedback and from the grass root level; and as such, would like to go into communities and hear different opinions since any reform to the constitution will affect the people of the country.The Constitutional Reform Steering Committee that was established will be responsible for effecting the changes to the Constitution when Government finialises its decision on the reforms.The Committee, which comprises of former Director of Transparency International and Attorney Gino Persaud, Professor Harold Lutchman, former Magsitrate Geeta Chandan-Edmond, and is chaired by Attorney and AFC Executive Member Nigel Hughes, was established by the sub-committee on Parliamentary Affairs reportedly without consultation from the parliamentary Opposition.In fact, General Secretary of the PPP Clement Rohee had explained shortly after the Commission was established that his party was not invited to field any representative to the committee. He noted that the party views the persons appointed as “APNU/AFC hacks” and “residents of Office of the President”.“None of those persons are independent. They are all hacks and employees of the Office of the President in some shape or form. You do not have to even guess about which road they will venture down as it’s clear what their mandate is,” the PPP General Secretary said. Nevertheless, Rohee maintained that the PPP was proud of its accomplishments as far as constitutional reforms piloted back in the 2000s were concerned.last_img read more

Message to Liberian Youth

first_imgBy T. Mark Slak Korpu ( fellow Liberian youth! The time has come again for us to vote for another corps of president, vice president and representatives for the 73 districts in Liberia. This is our civic duty as citizens of Liberia to ensure the continuity of our democracy.While it is true that Liberia is Africa’s oldest republic and second independent state, history will also tell you that we have been the most immature. For a country founded on democratic principles, we have consistently failed to show to the rest of the world that we have come to terms with our position on the continent and the world.The history of voting in Liberia has always been a one sided affair. It started with the new arrivals totally disenfranchising the indigenes they met here. From that foundation to the point voting became an all inclusive affair, the whole process has been manipulated to uphold and maintain the status quo: propping the settler hegemony to the detriment of the entire populace.Even after the bloody coup that was supposed to see the end of the stranglehold the so-called ‘Congaus’ have on the country did not produce the expected results. Rather it led to where we are today, the poorest, poorly educated and one of the most backward countries on the continent. The cause of all these problems really lies in the power of our votes. The people of Liberia have always voted for the wrong leadership, and for the wrong reasons.In the past, we would be right for blaming our mothers, fathers, uncles and aunts. They formed the bulk of the voting population then. But today, that power now lies in the hands of the youth. That is why I, as a youth, am addressing this commentary to you, my fellow compatriots.According to NAYMOTE, the youth of Liberia forms over 60 percent of the current pool of eligible voters. And for that reason, certain concessions are due us in line with the power we have to decide on the next corps of leadership of this country. No, I am not talking about the ten dollars and a t-shirt. I am not talking about a bag of rice and school fees. I am talking about a partnership with whoever we choose to truly transform Liberia. We are just three weeks away from October 10. That is 21 days left for the biggest decision in our young lives that would have far reaching implications on our collective future.The question remains then, what do we do with this remaining time? How do we use this time to come to the decision on who to become our future leaders? This is what this commentary is about. Forget the crowds they pulled at their campaign launches, the dancing, the singing, blocking traffic and the like. Let us for once take an aside and look at the facts. This calls for us to set aside all emotions and deal strictly with the facts.While it is true that you should like the candidate that you want to vote for, it is also certainly true that you should know facts about what he or she stands for. This is the much talked about political platform you hear this newspaper calling for from all political aspirants and incumbents. On this document, your preferred candidate spells out in detail what he or she plans to do about every issue that should be of concern to you the voter.Things like crime, education, healthcare, immigration, employment, infrastructural development, international relations, the disabled, sports, arts, entertainment and culture and the like are dealt with in this very important document. Do you know what your preferred candidate stands for on the real issues? Remember that politics is about interests, so the person that represents your interest is the person to vote for. Once again, this goes beyond emotions, beyond the small money they will give you, the t-shirts and the like. It would be a shame on you to elect someone who stands the potential of making over US$1 million over the next six years because they gave you US$20 during a campaign stop. Your vote should mean way more than that.Apart from your preferred choice of candidate’s platform, another critical aspect that a voter should look at is the individual him or herself. What do you know about your candidate? What is his or her history in leadership? For the incumbents, the ones who are hoping to be reelected, what has he or she done for you or your district that you are a direct beneficiary of? Can you point to one or several development initiatives that he or she has carried out in the district? What were his or her campaign promises, and how do they match up against what they have delivered? Look at this person’s family, friends or business interests, how do they fare? Has he or she done a good job based on your estimation?For the aspirants, what do you know about them? What are their track records? What are they currently involved in or with that you can point to and say ‘I know that, given the opportunity, he or she can do much better’? Have they lived in the community long? What have they been doing to show that they have the community, hence the county and country, at heart? Like I have said, this is no time to be sentimental; it is rather time to be realistic.How you vote sets the stage for your future, even the future of generations to come. We have been at this democracy business going on two centuries now, with little or next to nothing to show for it. With the youth forming the majority of voters in the country, the time has come for us to turn things around for the better based on how we vote.As a youth activist I care about those who care for Liberia. I am voting for the person who I believe, based on my research that has the potential to maximize my hopes and vision for this country. We need better education, roads, healthcare, security, deals with other countries, businesses and so much more. Let your vote count for something.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) – Advertisement – The authorlast_img read more

Octawie Tah: ‘Promoting Football Through Grassroots Development is Key’

first_imgMr. Tah (middle) poses with two of his student athletes in the U.S. (Photo: Nation One Academy).The promotion of Liberia’s traditional sport, football, is gradually taking a positive direction, especially with the ongoing programs being initiated by Liberians in and out of the country.One of such groups that is keen on promoting, as well as empowering young people is a non-profit organization, “Nation-One Academy,” an institution that believes in professional football training at the academy level and is a gateway to prepare the next generation of professional players.The Academy also attaches value on kids acquiring quality education to prepare them for successful and long-lasting careers aside from football.According to the chief executive officer (CEO) of the Academy, Octawie Tah, promoting the game through grassroots development is key to the sector. He said the best thing to do now as a nation is to create the necessary avenue to ensure the full empowerment of raw talents of Liberia.Tah said one of the focuses of his academy is prepare young people for future challenges through Education, Sports and character development, including mentorship.The Nation-One Academy currently has seven bright Liberian kids in the United States of America (USA) under the auspices of the Academy and its partners.“We have talented youth, who are willing and prepared to show-case it. As such, we need to give them the needed opportunity to explore,” Tah said.He then admonished Liberian kids to place more emphasis on education which is lasting rather than sports which is good but has a shorter lifespan.He also said that plans are underway for the construction of its own facilities soon, and urged others who are desirous of their kids to attend its three-year program to be patient as their current process is based on merit.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Spartans score first-round KO

first_imgMalik scored 10 of his team-high 13 points in the third quarter, and his 3-pointer with 2:25 left in the third gave the Spartans a comfortable 34-22 lead. “When they hit those two big 3s, that killed us,” Moors coach Joe Petralia said. “We were right back in it, but we went right back down just as quick.” After Malik picked up his fourth foul with 1:06 left in the quarter, the Moors scored four consecutive points to pull within 36-28. But Spartans guard Jackson Ridd hit a big 3-pointer to end the quarter, and he scored the first two points of the fourth to extend the Spartans’ lead to 41-28. Ridd finished with 10 points. “This was his (Ridd) best game of the year at the right time,” Hofman said. “We were struggling, and he hit that big shot in the corner to close the (third) period. That was huge.” “They (La Ca ada) do the same thing all the time, and you know what they’re going to do,” Petralis said. “But they execute it well and have a great coach, which is why they win so many games.” (626) 962-8811, Ext. 4485 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! The No. 3-seeded Spartans limited the Moors to seven field goals and three points in the fourth quarter to improve to 25-2 and advance to Tuesday’s second round on the road against No. 10 Crossroads, a 72-45 winner over Workman. The Spartans weren’t exactly lighting it up from the outside, scoring just 13 field goals. But they were 15 of 24 at the foul line, and with the Moors struggling at the offensive end, that was enough to get the job done. • Slideshow: 02/16: Alhambra vs. La Ca?ada LA CA?ADA – There were so many whistles, it resembled more of a practice than a playoff game. But there were enough field goals mixed in with a lot of free throws to satisfy the needs of the La Ca ada High School boys basketball team, which did just enough to fend off visiting Alhambra 47-31 during the first round of the CIF-Southern Section Division III-AA playoffs on Friday. center_img “They (Moors) were a little bit cold, but I thought both teams played very good defense,” said Spartans coach Tom Hofman, who earned his 455th career victory at the school. “Alhambra plays in the Almont League, so you know they’re going to scrap. “I thought when the pairings came out, that was a tough draw for them having to play us, and sort of an unfair draw for us. They’re well-coached, and probably the best unseeded team in the tournament, so it was good to get out of here with a win.” The Moors (16-11) kept it close by connecting on 15 of 19 from the stripe, and they received a solid contribution from sophomore guard Aeric Allen, who scored a game-high 18 points. In fact, Allen hit a big 3-pointer to tie the score 21-21 with 6:32 left in the third quarter. But the Spartans answered with back-to-back 3-pointers from Darren Ho and Adam Malik to go back up, 27-21. last_img read more

United come before my future, says Mourinho

first_imgThat led to conjecture that Mourinho was not happy with the efforts of executive vice-chairman Ed Woodward, who handles player signings at Old Trafford.Equally damaging has been Mourinho’s relationship with star player Paul Pogba, which has come under close scrutiny after comments made by the France midfielder.Mourinho was in particularly dour and uncooperative mood ahead of his team’s Premier League meeting with Mauricio Pochettino’s Tottenham on Monday, although, in one of his few talkative moments, he did reveal his gratitude for the support shown by fans over the first two games of the season.“The supporters were fantastic in both matches,” said Mourinho. “Not for me, for the team which is the only thing that matters.“In my career I was never selfish and thinking about myself, I was always a club man.“That’s what I am. I am really happy when the supporters they support the team. Against Leicester, you can say in a normal situation because the team was playing well and was winning.“But to be supportive of the team against Brighton, where we didn’t play well and lost the match, it gives you a fantastic feeling.“I hope that feeling, the players also feel it and the players they are ready to give them everything they have.”– Winning style –Mourinho refused to discuss even the most banal of topics with the media, other than to claim that he was not left frustrated by the defeat at Brighton last weekend.“No, it is not a frustration because it would also be a frustration if we win every match against the non top-six team and don’t win against the top six, that would also be a frustration,” he said.“We want to win all the time. We want to play well all the time. We don’t want to make mistakes. That is what you always want.“We want a winning style. Don’t make defensive mistakes. Be dominant. Chances, score goals and go home with the three points.”Mourinho has clearly been unhappy with the coverage the mainstream media has provided of his club over the past few months — especially a disappointing transfer market and his obviously tricky relationship with key figures at Old Trafford.And, in response, Mourinho refused to address the issue of whether or not he had entered the new season with a squad that was to his satisfaction.“You know my answer,” said Mourinho.“I do not need to answer because I do not even know sometimes why I am here because you know everything.“During the week it looks like you show that you know everything then I come here and you ask me questions. It’s a bit strange.”Even when United’s hapless press officer attempted to move the line of questioning onto the meeting with Tottenham, Mourinho refused to play ball or discuss Pochettino’s side.When asked for his opinion on Spurs’ failure to strengthen their squad this summer, he snapped: “It is not my problem.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho has presided over a troubled period at Old Trafford © AFP / Glyn KIRKMANCHESTER, United Kingdom, Aug 27 – Jose Mourinho insists he is only interested in the future prosperity of Manchester United rather than his own position at the troubled club.Mourinho has found his future as United manager the subject of much discussion after a tempestuous period, dating back to a frustrating close-season transfer window.last_img read more

FAKE! The ‘leaked’ Liverpool New Balance kit that has been doing the rounds

first_img 5 5 THIS ‘LEAKED’ LIVERPOOL KIT TURNS OUT TO BE FAKE – CLICK THE ARROW ABOVE, RIGHT, TO SEE HOW WE KNOW IT’S NOT REAL 5 The internet was awash at the weekend with images of what many believe is Liverpool’s next home strip, but unfortunately (or perhaps fortunately), it turns out to be a fake.The 2015/16 kit made by New Balance, appears to feature a white collar, similar to that of Liverpool’s home shirt in 1955, with some sort of diagonal stripe design. As can be seen above though, it is simply a fantasy design, based on a Nike advertising campaign for their teamwear range last year.Click the arrow above though to see shots of Liverpool’s REAL 2015/16 HOME SHIRT. CLICK TO SEE WHAT’S RUMOURED TO BE THE REDS’ HOME, AWAY AND THIRD 2015/16 KITS 5 CLICK AGAIN TO SEE MORE OF WHAT’S RUMOURED TO BE THE REDS’ REAL 2015/16 KIT THIS IS THE ORIGINAL IMAGE, OF A POLO SHIRT, USED TO CREATE THE FAKE KIT – CLICK AGAIN TO SEE WHAT’S RUMOURED TO BE THE REDS’ REAL 2015/16 KIT 5 WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THESE KITS?last_img read more

Job Vacancy: Donegal Waste & Recycle requires office administrator

first_imgJob Vacancy: A busy waste and recycling company is seeking the appointment of an office administrator. This is a full-time position based at Donegal Waste & Recycle in Donegal Town.Sage experience and accounts background preferred. Job opportunity available due to ongoing expansion.Please forward CV to email: or post to Donegal Waste & Recycle, Ardlenagh, Donegal Town F94X6PHJob Vacancy: Donegal Waste & Recycle requires office administrator was last modified: October 9th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Donegal TownDonegal Waste & Recyclejobslast_img read more


first_imgA TV production company is looking for amateur cyclists from Donegal to take part in a light-hearted film about their passion for the popular pastime.Co Louth-based Little Road Productions is hoping that MAMILs (middle-aged men/maidens in lyrca) who have taken up the sport later in life will share their cycling stories in the documentary.Producers are interested in how much money and time you spend on the sport and what made you take up cycling. If you have a story to tell, you can get in touch at BIKES, LYCRA, ACTION – FANCY BEING IN A CYCLING TV DOCUMENTARY? was last modified: March 3rd, 2016 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:CYCLINGdocumentarydonegallast_img read more

DeGale joins forces with adviser Haymon

first_imgNew IBF super-middleweight world champion James DeGale has signed a deal with influential American adviser Al Haymon.Harlesden’s 2008 Olympic champion will join fellow UK fighters Amir Khan and Carl Frampton – as well as Floyd Mayweather jr – in being advised by Haymon.DeGale, 29, won his world title in May by defeating Andre Dirrell, another of Haymon’s stable, on points in Chicago.On Friday, he tweeted: “Delighted to announce I’ve joined forces with Al Haymon. Great things ahead of me.”It is believed DeGale’s promoters, Matchroom Sport, will continue to work with him despite Haymon’s involvement.See also:DeGale ‘too fresh and too good’ for ButeDeGale retains title with points win in WashingtonDeGale to defend title against Medina next monthFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Window Installation Tips for a Deep Energy Retrofit

first_imgA faster, better methodDudley boxes go together much more quickly than built-in-place extension boxes, so you’ll save a lot of time. If you have multiple windows the same size, as we did, you can cut the parts all at once on site and assemble as needed. Or you could make them in the shop and speed things up even more with a biscuit joiner or your rotary clamp machine.Dudley boxes are easier to install. Once you have the window locations accurately marked on the foam, the rest is easy — no fussing with shims, levels, etc., and much less chance of warping or twisting, because the boxes hold their shape.Finally, you get a better performing wall, because all connections are accessible with spray foam, and they are backed up with caulk. Try it on your next retrofit. If you don’t agree it’s a better way, I’ll be surprised. Historic renovation specialists tackle their first deep-energy retrofitOur carpenters, Dan Dudley and Bob “Woogs” O’Keefe, had previously specialized in historic renovations. If it hadn’t been for the economic downturn and the slowdown in their high-end work, I doubt they would have considered tackling our modest project. Luckily for us, they took the job and brought us not only their broad experience but their creativity, insight, and common sense. In May 2011 we began a deep energy retrofit of our old, cold, drafty house in Saugerties, New York. Because the house was poorly and cheaply built in the 1840s (apparently from scraps and salvage), we were leery of opening up the walls from the outside, lest we find that the clapboard siding and incomplete sheathing were all that had kept the house from collapsing.Because we were happy with the interior after 25 years of piecemeal renovation, we couldn’t open up the walls from the inside, either. Instead, we opted to wrap the house with two staggered 2-inch-thick layers of rigid polyiso insulation, carefully taping the seams to form a water drainage plane, screw furring strips through the insulation to the studs, and finishing with fiber-cement siding.We replaced all the doors and windows. For windows we selected triple-pane, argon-filled, low-e, fiberglass-framed units from Inline Fiberglass. We ordered the windows with factory-applied aluminum nailing flanges (which Inline refers to as “brickmold” flanges). These were not replacement windows that replace the sash in an existing frame. They are the same complete units used in new construction. The old window frames weren’t in good enough shape for us to even consider “replacement” glazing, nor were the window-to-wall connections sound enough to work up as part of a tight shell. RELATED ARTICLES Installing Windows In a Foam-Sheathed WallExtending Window Openings for a Deep Energy Retrofit ‘Innie’ Windows or ‘Outie’ Windows?Nailing Window Flanges Through FoamHow to Install Rigid Foam SheathingFastening Furring Strips to a Foam-Sheathed WallWhere Does the Housewrap Go?Using Rigid Foam As a Water-Resistive Barrier Roofing and Siding Jobs Are Energy-Retrofit OpportunitiesBest Construction Details for Deep-Energy RetrofitsBuilding Details for a Deep-Energy Retrofit Details: Installing a Window in a Foam-Sheathed Wall Where can we find step-by-step instructions?But when it came time to install the windows, we were shocked to find little usable information on how to actually do it. What little we found was mostly idealized cross-section drawings of a completed retrofit, with energy-nerd analysis of resulting benefits. All the building science and how-to articles seemed assume replacement of not-so-old windows in relatively recent construction, with standard framing in good condition.We found no discussion of how to replace old, deteriorated windows in old, shoddy, irregular construction after re-skinning the exterior with thick rigid foam. That is, nothing of use to the carpenters working on our house.So we figured out our own simple, repeatable, method that gracefully handled the challenges we found in installing thick foam and new windows in old construction. These challenges included:Irregular walls which have racked, sagged, twisted, bowed, and gone lumpy from unknown causes (we resisted the temptation to explore any more than necessary).Walls of varying thickness due to additions and modifications.Old windows not uniform in size, construction or installation details.Existing rough openings apparently framed without use of squares, levels, rulers, tapes, or plans. Even windows which once lined up were now cocked, skewed, racked and misaligned. That none of us had ever done this before didn’t faze anyone. We didn’t see this as a pioneering effort and we expected to find well-documented procedures and techniques each step of the way.center_img Typical extension boxes take a lot of shimmingInstructions from the window manufacturers for new windows assume that the rough openings (ROs) are close to perfect. You order new windows’ net or heel size 1/2 inch smaller than the RO and shim to fit, screwing through the window frame to the RO studs.Typical retrofit detail drawings for rigid exterior foam insulation add an “extension box” built in place by nailing strips to the jamb studs. Then you shim the window to the extension box and screw through the side of the window frame to the extension box (or all the way through to the studs).That couldn’t work for us, as some of our existing ROs had four different side lengths. Many were cocked more than 1/2 inch, and some were out of line with the neighboring ROs by more than an inch. Dan and Woogs recoiled from the idea of so much shimming and reframing, not to mention a stick-at-a-time extension box for each window, and we decided there had to be a better way. In addition, we were concerned about the lack of a positive seal between extension box and the studs, and between the casing, rigid foam, and extension box. Cut loose from the rough openingOur key insight was that if we built an extension box that had enough strength and integrity to stay square and planar during the installation process, we could ignore the RO and not try to correct it.To do this, we built extension boxes sized to the window, not the RO, with a wide, integral plywood flange. The plywood nailing flange is built from 3/4-inch plywood, so it has the same thickness as our furring strips.We positioned the windows on the wall as if the wall were perfect. We screwed the box through the flange to the building face, into the edge of the RO studs, instead of through the side of the extension box to the side face of the RO studs.In addition to being much simpler and faster, this technique provides a blast-proof air seal and a deluge-proof connection to the rigid foam drainage plane. Step-by-step instructionsMeasure the new windows. There’s a trade-off here. The more clearance between the new window and the old RO, the easier it will be to correct for alignment and position problems. But smaller windows mean less glass, less light, less solar gain and less view.We settled on no less than 1 inch of clearance, all around, but if I had it to do over I’d make it 1 1/2 inch to make it easier to apply spray foam. So net or heel size should be 2 to 3 inches smaller than the RO. If you are replacing a bunch of windows that are the same size, a smaller heel size will make it easier to line up the windows later.Although our old windows were double-hungs, we chose casements for our new windows. Sure, casement windows are substantially more energy-efficient, but the advantage that is relevant to Dudley boxes is that casement windows let in more light and offer a better view. Since using Dudley boxes can reduce heel size — especially if replacing a row of misaligned windows — switching to casements recovers or even increases the glazing area. (We also prefer the modern, European look of a plain casement mounted close to the outer wall plane.)Make the Dudley boxes. (Although the box design was very much a three-way collaboration, I think Dan contributed the most and deserves to be immortalized by having these named after him.) The sides of the box are made of 1/2-inch CDX plywood. The face flanges are 3/4-inch CDX plywood (to match the 3/4-inch furring strips on the rigid foam insulation).The internal dimensions of the box are crucial. The box should be between 1/4 inch and 3/8 inch larger than the heel size of the window. Tighter isn’t better. Ideally, the gap will be wide enough that you can run the tip of a spray foam applicator along all four edges after installation and completely fill space between the window frame and extension box.If the extension box is too tight, you risk voids in the spray foam, compromising the thermal barrier and air seal. The depth of the extension box is determined by wall thickness. You want the inside edge of the box to be 1 to 2 inches shy of the inside wall plane. Don’t try to make it flush to the inside wall; the extension box isn’t directly tied to the interior casing.The width of the face flange should be around 8 inches. If this seems too wide, keep in mind that in addition to securing the window to the wall, it will be part of the drainage plane and will be the nailer for siding.We made the Dudley boxes on site with a table saw and nail gun. We nailed and glued the sides together, roughly squared them up by diagonals, and then applied the flanges, again with glue and nails. The 1/2-inch side pieces are nailed to the 3/4-inch flanges. (Fortunately, it doesn’t really matter if some errant nails stick out a bit.)Make sure the flange pieces are cut square, and tight joints between flange elements will keep the box square. Be generous with the waterproof yellow glue, as a good seal of the extension box joints could pay off in reduced air infiltration if your spray foam seals aren’t perfect.Install the rigid foam insulation. We found it easiest to install the windows as we installed the foam. Sure, the ladders and scaffolding were already in place, but more importantly we applied full sheets of foam over the window openings. Since we were living in the house during the renovation, we didn’t want to darken whole rooms and then come back days later to do the windows. So we did each wall in two passes: downstairs, then upstairs.First, we took out the old windows. Then Dan and Woogs inspected each RO and replaced any rotten framing. (There was more than we expected).Then we applied both layers of foam, staggering the joints where possible, taping all the seams (double tape on horizontals), and securing the foam to studs with furring strips and 6-inch or 8-inch HeadLok screws.Our usual practice was not to cut the window openings before applying the foam. Sometimes, however, a partial sheet of foam would suggest covering part of a window opening, so we weren’t absolute about this. Again, it’s important not to cut the foam back to the RO at this point.Lay out the new window positions on the foam. Here’s the crucial innovation of this technique. First, we transferred the vertical and horizontal center of the existing RO from inside to outside by sticking an awl thru the foam from the inside and then transferring the distance to top and bottom to the outside. Where walls had multiple windows in a row, we did all the windows at once.Using a laser level, we established the top line of the new windows by determining the lowest top point of the existing ROs and going down 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch. That’s the top cut line through the foam.We measured down from that top line exactly the outside height of the Dudley box. That’s the bottom cut line. Next we established the vertical center line of each window and measured out from it exactly half the outside width of the Dudley box. Those are the vertical cut lines.When that’s done, you have the cut lines for the Dudley boxes marked on the foam. It’s time to step back and eyeball those black rectangles. We say, “If it looks right, it is right.”Fit the Dudley box. Cut through the rigid foam on the lines. (We used a 6-inch drywall taping knife sharpened on one side edge.) Each opening should be exactly the size of its Dudley box.Test fit it. It should be a press fit, and it might take some effort. Don’t push it all the way in yet; just make sure it starts okay. Then remove it and apply three parallel beads of caulk on the foam around the opening. If you apply one fat bead it won’t squeeze flat, but three smaller beads will squeeze easier and merge together. (This caulk is just one element of the air barrier connecting the windows to the wall. It is not the primary drainage plane water barrier.)Secure the Dudley box to the studs. From the inside, measure from each edge of the Dudley box to the nearest stud, header, or sill plate. Transfer the measurements to the outside face of the flange. Secure the Dudley box to the framing with sturdy screws thru the flange and foam.Do not screw through the sides of the Dudley box to the RO framing. Even if you shimmed perfectly, the box would be likely to distort. It’s important not to stress and deform the box.Don’t worry about strength; the screws through the flanges are plenty strong enough to take the weight of the window, and you’ll be adding even more support later. As with the furring strips, the long screws to the studs put the foam under compression, with the result that the Dudley box is strongly anchored to the wall.Mount the window. Drill the aluminum window flanges (the brickmold flanges) with countersunk holes spaced according to the manufacturer’s specification. (This is usually 4 inches from corners, 8 to 12 inches apart along edges). We did this on the ground before hoisting the windows to the scaffold.Securing the window takes two people (at least, depending on size): one inside and one outside. Lay beads of caulk on the inside of the aluminum flanges. Again, this caulk is part of the air barrier, but it does not come into play as a water barrier unless the primary drainage plane has failed.Position the window in the Dudley box, with one person inside and the other outside. The inside person puts shims between the bottom edge of the window frame and the Dudley box. The Dudley box won’t deform because it is evenly supported by the foam where the window bears. If the box has not racked or twisted, a few shims should give an even gap all the way around the window.Check the window for plumb. If the opening in the foam was cut plumb and square, the window should sit perfectly in the box. If the box was sized accurately, the gap between box and frame should be even on all sides.Put one screw at each corner of the aluminum window flange, into the plywood flange of the Dudley box. Check the window for smooth operation and troubleshoot or adjust as necessary. (I think we had to slightly adjust 2 out of 28 windows.) Screw the rest of the aluminum window flange to the flange of the Dudley box.Disregard the manufacturer’s instructions to screw through the window frame to the studs (or extension box). The factory-applied aluminum flange is plenty strong enough secure the window to the wall, and you’ll be adding even more support shortly.Flash the window. The idea is to continue the drainage plane formed by the foam’s outer foil layers over the plywood flange and over the aluminum window flange. We used 6-inch self-adhesive butyl tape in the following sequence:One piece at the bottom over the aluminum window flange to the edge of the plywood flange, vertical over the aluminum brickmold;Two pieces over the sides: first over the aluminum window flange, then wrapping the edge of the plywood flange to the foam;Two pieces at the top, first over the aluminum window flange, and then wrapping the edge of the plywood flange to the foam.We paid a lot of attention to corners. You can find many fine instructional flashing videos on YouTube, as well as a series of helpful videos here on the GBA site.Foam the window. On the inside, spray low-expansion door-and-window foam (the yellow stuff, not pink or orange) in the gap between window and Dudley box. Once it has set, pull the shims and fill that gap with foam to eliminate the thermal break.Try not to let too much foam boil up past the window frame; it’s a pain to trim later. Seal the junction between the Dudley box and the rigid foam and the studs with spray foam. You don’t need to completely fill the gap to the studs, just make it air tight where the box meets foam.Note that all this spray foam provides more than ample support for the window and plenty of mechanical grip as well. We didn’t test to destruction, but my sense is that these windows won’t come out unless the whole wall disintegrates. We did test for air infiltration with a blower door and theatrical smoke; there wasn’t any.Apply interior trim. You will find that the Dudley boxes greatly simplify the interior trim process. If you were rigorous about keeping the gap even between box and window frame, you can lay jamb material flat against the Dudley box and get just the right reveal with minimal shimming (none, usually).Because the walls are now thicker by 4+ inches, we found MDF to be the best material for painted jambs on windows with a painted casing.We converted all of the downstairs windows from extension-jamb-and-casing to drywall returns. With Dudley boxes, there’s almost no shimming. You just lay 1/2-inch drywall flat on the Dudley box side, and the even 1/4-inch gap gives a perfect 1/4 inch reveal on the window frame. Smiling carpenters!Upstairs, we aimed to disturb the existing walls around the new windows as little as possible. Dan and Woogs realized they could make complementary inside Dudley boxes — in other words, Dudley boxes made of window trim — and completely avoid the stick-by-stick window trimming process. To make this work, you have to be organized and accurate with tape and ruler. You measure from the window frame to the wall plane to get the box depth on each side (just as for extension jambs). We decided the flange (casing) width room by room to minimize wall patching. The “inside Dudley box” should slip inside the outer Dudley box with a satisfying “Whoosh!,” and a few nails are all that’s required to secure it. Our inside walls are pretty lumpy in places, but surprisingly little caulking was needed behind the casing edges. In some rooms I didn’t even have to touch up the walls — I only painted the inside Dudley boxes. Joel Schuman is a semi-retired furniture designer and software developer living in Saugerties, New York.last_img read more