Subsidizing Declining Appalachian Coal Seen as Having ‘Marginal’ Effect FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享St. Louis Post-Dispatch:Appalachian coal, high in sulfur and costly to mine, has been losing market share to other American coal-producing regions for years. Looking to stem the tide, West Virginia Gov. Jim Justice last week proposed that the federal government subsidize coal-fired power plants that buy from Appalachian mines by $15 a ton, up to $4.5 billion per year.The proposed subsidy has predictably come under fire from politicians and coal producers beyond Appalachia, including those in the Illinois Basin and St. Louis-based companies such as Peabody, which operates the country’s largest mine in Wyoming.“It wouldn’t be fair to incentivize one type of coal over another,” said Phil Gonet, president of the Illinois Coal Association. “This violates the principle that I thought the coal industry was following, that we want to do away with subsidies. We want a level playing field, where all kinds of energy can compete.”He says competition between coal-producing regions is nothing new, and notes that it’s often the case that one benefits at the expense of another.A clear example occurred in 1990, when passage of the Clean Air Act steered demand away from coal producers in Appalachia and Illinois in favor of lower-sulfur coal from Wyoming’s Powder River Basin.Other policies also shifted the balance of power toward Wyoming in recent decades, said Rob Godby, professor of energy economics at the University of Wyoming. Deregulation of railroads in the 1980s, for instance, enabled the state’s mines to cost-effectively ship coal as far as the Southeast.The economies of scale enjoyed in the Powder River Basin — where just 12 mines account for 40 percent of the nation’s coal production — give Wyoming another advantage that other coal regions can’t match.But Wyoming mines, too, are feeling pressure, as competition from cheaper, cleaner natural gas erodes market share.That’s why Godby can see why Justice’s idea and other pro-coal rhetoric has traction. For decades, roughly half the nation’s electricity was generated by coal, and just in the last 10 years, that share has plummeted to about 30 percent, thanks to surging natural gas consumption. A shift of that magnitude, he says, is bound to be jarring.Godby, though, says the policy would only provide marginal help, noting that power plants are optimized to use specific fuel types and can’t easily convert from one to another. And it wouldn’t address the challenge presented by natural gas.Even with Trump as a professed champion of coal, it’s far from certain that the subsidy advocated by Justice would ever happen. As Godby points out, such a move would aid one Republican-dominated coal region at the expense of another, and would betray the party’s ideological opposition to market interference.More: ‘It’s hard to lift all boats’: Talk of Appalachian subsidy stokes competition among coal-producing regions
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Press Association Props Cian Healy and Mike Ross and flanker Chris Henry will miss Ireland’s opening RBS 6 Nations fixtures against Wales and France, but head coach Joe Schmidt hopes the trio will return for the tournament’s latter stages. “I’ve been lucky enough to play under some of Ireland’s best captains,” said Best, named Ireland captain for the fast-approaching Six Nations. “Especially in Paulie (O’Connell) and Brian (O’Driscoll), and now to be taking over from those guys is a huge honour for me, and for my family as well. “It’s about leading from example in the same way that those guys before have done too. “I think the big thing is we have a strong squad, a good mixture of new guys coming into their first ever camp, guys with a handful of caps but also a good mix of players with leadership and captaincy experience. “For me it shouldn’t change what I do. “If I wasn’t captain I would go about things the same way. “You’ve got to do that and trust that the senior players around you will have your back and do what they do. “Ireland don’t have a big problem tying people together, we’ve all played together for so long. “For us it’s a lot easier to pull people together, and for me it’s about doing what I’ve done to this point and making sure I set the right examples because I know the other senior players will be doing the same.” Best joins his brother and former Ireland prop Simon in captaining his country, but accepted that the greater pressure will come from succeeding O’Connell. Former Munster powerhouse O’Connell retired from Test rugby on joining Toulon after the World Cup. Best admitted he must step up another level in following not just O’Connell, but former Ireland and British and Irish Lions captain O’Driscoll before him. “There’s obviously a bit of pressure, with how successful we’ve been,” said Best. “But it’s an exciting time. “After the World Cup quarter-final defeat the boys just can’t wait to get back together and have another crack at international rugby and to make sure we move on quickly.” Munster’s European Champions Cup captain Stander is eyeing a back-row berth after completing residency qualification, while powerhouse Ulster centre McCloskey boosts Schmidt’s midfield steel. Healy’s knee problem and Ross’ hamstring complaint will prove a significant early-tournament blow as Ireland seek to retain the Six Nations crown for a third year in succession. Ulster flanker Henry’s shoulder injury further opens the door for uncapped Munster star Stander to make his Ireland debut, with Peter O’Mahony still on the long road back from knee surgery. Uncapped Connacht lock Dillane has edged out Munster’s Dave Foley for one of the second row berths, with Ulster’s Dan Tuohy still sidelined. And Leinster flanker Van Der Flier has the opportunity to impress after winning the call-up as cover while Henry continues to work his way back from that shoulder problem. Head coach Schmidt admitted Ireland had “resisted the temptation” to include bolters like Leinster’s highly-rated 20-year-old centre Garry Ringrose. Ireland Under-20s graduate Ringrose is enjoying a fruitful full breakthrough campaign with Leinster, and was invited to Ireland’s training camp earlier this month. Schmidt has now confirmed his intention not to add any extra burden to a youngster already likened to O’Driscoll. “Stalwarts such as Mike Ross, Cian Healy and Chris Henry are all likely to return to play over the coming weeks and they, along with some of the other players not included, will potentially return to the squad post these first two matches,” said Schmidt. “There are a few new faces but at the same time we have resisted the temptation to include some of the very promising youngsters, allowing them a bit more time to develop as well as the opportunity of further game time with their provinces.” The Ulster skipper has succeeded O’Connell as Ireland captain, and pledged to follow in the footsteps of the talismanic lock, who retired from Test rugby after the autumn’s World Cup. Best leads a 35-man Ireland squad including the uncapped quartet of CJ Stander, Stuart McCloskey, Ultan Dillane and Josh van der Flier. Rory Best has vowed to lead Ireland in the same vein as renowned captains Paul O’Connell and Brian O’Driscoll.
By Sudipto GangulyMUMBAI, India (Reuters) – Indian batting great Sachin Tendulkar told Reuters he is firmly opposed to shortening Test matches to four days from five and has warned against straying too far from the game’s roots in the quest to attract a younger audience.The International Cricket Council (ICC), the sport’s world governing body, is set to discuss the idea of reducing all Test matches by a day to free up a crowded international calendar.The future of the longest format has been the subject of debate since the rise of Twenty20 leagues over the last decade coincided with dwindling crowds at Test matches outside cricket hotbeds Australia and England.However, Tendulkar told Reuters there were other ways of making Test matches more attractive and halting the drift towards the shorter formats. “I feel a purist will always enjoy a five-day match, because that is where you find the challenges,” he said.“We should not be looking at Test cricket as a longer format of a limited-overs match.” Tendulkar retired from international cricket in 2013 and remains the leading scorer in the format with 15 921 runs and a record 51 hundreds.He said that while the game continues to evolve it would be a mistake to focus on the latest trends at the expense of Tests.“From Test cricket, one-day cricket started, which people enjoyed, and from there T20 came and next the 100-ball will come,” he added.“A number of new things are being produced for the newer generation. But while you are learning new things you cannot forget your roots.“As a purist, it is important Test cricket stays the way it is.” Four-day matches were given the green light by the ICC in 2017 when South Africa hosted Zimbabwe, and England have since played one against Ireland.With an increasing number of Tests finishing before the fifth day, administrators are keen to free up space in the schedule for more lucrative shorter-form matches.Tendulkar said they should instead focus on producing better playing surfaces to make Tests more appealing. “What is the heart of Test cricket? I think the heart of Test cricket is to provide a good pitch where there is enough for the bowlers throughout the match,” he said.“The ICC should look to provide exciting wickets for spectators to come and watch. You need to provide surfaces where the bowlers are testing batters also. “There are two formats – ODIs and T20s – where the bowlers are being tested, so you’ve got to have one format where the batters are being tested.“That’s why it’s called Test cricket – it has to test everyone. “If you provide good pitches which have something for the bowlers, Test cricket will.
Fifty-nine female workers from the Guyana Sugar Corporation (GuySuCo), who was tossed on the breadline following the closure of Skeldon and Rose Hall Estates at the end of last year were on Friday aided with food hampers, through donations garnered by the Guyana Solidarity Movement-New York (GSM-NY).Twenty-one workers from Rose Hall benefited from the presentation at Cumberland, East Canje, Berbice, while another 38 who were employed at Skeldon Estate received their hampers at another exercise at Number 74 Village, Corentyne.GSM-NY is a group of Guyanese who mainly reside in New York, who have been heart-stricken by the callous decision to close sugar estates which has made of Guyanese jobless.Some of the dismissed female estate workersAddressing the ex-workers, President of the Guyana Agricultural and General Workers Union (GAWU) Komal Chand, who also grew up in a sugar cultivation community, noted that though small, its aim is to in some way cushion the negative impact caused as a result of the estates’ closure.“While this gesture will not satisfy your problems and your needs, it will in a little way mitigate the kind of hardship you have experienced,” he explained.Meanwhile, former Culture, Youth and Sport Minister and now shadow Health Minister, Dr Frank Anthony explained that the People’s Progressive Party as a party recognises the importance of helping those affected get through a difficult period.Another former Government Minister who also grew up in a community which depended on the sugar estate, Ganga Persaud, commended both GAWU and GSM-NY.Meanwhile, the Union’s President noted that despite what has happened, with support from the media, the workers concerns reached the ears of Government, causing them to promise some relief to the affected workers from Rose Hall.Over the past week, ex- female sugar workers of Wales and East Demerara Estates have also received hampers.The women expressed their appreciation to the Guyana Solidarity Movement and the overseas-resident Guyanese, who through their kind support, made the reality of the hampers possible. They pointed out that since they were dismissed, life has become extremely difficult. Many related they have searched nearly the entire length of the Corentyne Coast and in New Amsterdam for a job but have not been successful.Some of the women said life in the villages has become depressed since the estates were closed.(Andrew Carmichael)
FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – The B.C. Ministry of Agriculture, in association with the Canadian Agricultural Partnership and the North Peace Veterinary Clinic, will be hosting an information session on anthrax disease this Saturday, April 27, at the Pomeroy Hotel & Conference Centre.This public meeting will assist local producers, veterinarians, and the Government to plan and prepare for the upcoming grazing season and the risks associated with anthrax.Presentations will be made by the B.C. Ministry of Agriculture Chief Veterinary Officer Dr. Jane Pritchard and Dr. Perry Spitzer of the North Peace Veterinary Clinic.- Advertisement -Dr. Spitzer says it is important for producers to come out to the meeting as they can determine what actions, such as vaccination, will need to be taken with their herds.“We’re just trying to get everybody in and give enough knowledge so they can make a decision about whether they need to vaccinate or not. The best prevention will be vaccination.”The public information session on anthrax disease is taking place this Saturday, April 27, at 1:00 p.m. at the Pomeroy Hotel & Conference Centre.Advertisement In Fall 2018, it was confirmed that a herd of livestock had naturally acquired anthrax on a farm near Fort St. John.